History and heritage


Discover the fascinating heritage sites and attractions in NSW, from a World Heritage-listed convict road and goldmining towns to maritime museums and historical flying aircraft. Temora Aviation Museum, in the beautiful Riverina region, features one of the world's best flying collections of historical aircraft. 

  • Maitland Gaol, Hunter

Explore history and heritage in NSW

The World Heritage-listed Old Great North Road links Sydney to the Hunter Valley, Australia's oldest wine region. Explore this well-preserved convict-built road on a heritage walk in the Dharug National Park. Up to 720 convicts worked on the road, which was finished in 1836.

Many museums in towns offer insights into the colonial past including stories of pioneers, bushrangers and gold miners. You can visit old prisons that have been turned into museums, such as Old Dubbo Gaol in Dubbo and the Maitland Gaol, just two hours' drive north of Sydney.

Historic buildings in Mudgee

Near Mudgee, in Country NSW, is Gulgong, a 19th century gold-mining town. Henry Lawson is Gulgong's most famous son and a museum commemorates the writer and poet with an impressive collection of original manuscripts and memorabilia. Check out the annual Henry Lawson Heritage Festival.

In the Riverina region is the Temora Aviation Museum, which has one of the world’s best flying collections of historical military aircraft, including the only two flying Spitfires in Australia. In this area of Country NSW are some fascinating Gold Trails that follow the colonial gold rush.

A paddlesteamer on the Murray River, Echuca

In Outback NSW, tales of Australia's explorers, poets, bushrangers and graziers are uncovered at the Back O' Bourke Exhibition Centre. Interactive displays bring the evocative history of the outback to life in the northwest town of Bourke, once a major river port on the Darling River.

You can even visit the Bega Heritage Cheese Centre in Bega, on the NSW South Coast, for a history of dairy farming.

  1. Abercrombie House

    Abercrombie House, a heritage treasure of the region and private home of the Morgan family, is open on many days during the year for guided tours and self-guided tours. The heritage experience includes the 50 room...

  2. Fort Scratchley Historic Site

    Undoubtedly Newcastle's most spectacular vantage point, Fort Scratchley Historic Site is a unique nationally significant heritage site that has unrivaled panoramic views over the Pacific Ocean, north to Nobbys...

  3. Glen Davis Ruins

    The Glen Davis Shale Oil Works, located in the Capertee Valley, was one of the largest employers in the area. Producing gasoline, the operation was an important strategic resource during the war era. In its heyday...

  4. Old Dubbo Gaol

    Old Dubbo Gaol is a state heritage listed must see. This remarkably complete and intact gaol operated for 119 years from 1847 to 1966 and is still nestled in the main street of Dubbo. This set of 19th and 20th century...

  5. Orange Heritage Trail

    The City of Orange reflects a rich tapestry from the traditional Wiradjuri land owners, to the settlers, gold miners and commercial traders. Take time out to take a leisurely stroll around the streets of Orange and...

  6. Three Creeks Tourist Gold Mine

    Three Creeks Tourist Gold Mine allows you to step back in time to the mining days of old. Learn the history of the mining site and browse through the artefacts displayed in the museum. Have a look at the display of...

Displaying 9 of 8