Nature on Lord Howe Island

Lord Howe Island is breathtaking in its natural beauty – from its famous twin peaks and unique plants and animals to its vivid coral reefs. The best way to experience the UNESCO World Heritage island is to immerse yourself in it, by hiking, snorkelling and diving.


Scientists discovered that Lord Howe Island is a remnant of a now-extinct shield volcano dating back 7 million years, that has eroded to one fortieth of its original size. First discovered in 1788, the island chain’s isolation plus tropical and temperate waters created what UNESCO says is the 'world’s most southerly true coral reef'.  

Sun setting over the North Head of Lord Howe Island

Marine life

The Lord Howe Island Marine Park is teeming with sea life, from hawksbill turtles to 90 coral species, dolphins, sea lions and Galapagos sharks. Loggerhead and leatherback turtles migrate through the park and you can explore abundant marine life in the crystal-clear lagoon in a glass-bottom boat.

The coral reef protects the lagoon, making it suitable for swimming, snorkelling and other water sports with Reef N Beyond Eco Tours. Lord Howe has some of the best diving in the world and Pro Dive offers a range of tours. Ball’s Pyramid is the island's premier dive site and is thought to be the only place in the world where Ballina angelfish can be seen on a recreational dive. 

A yellow-breasted robin on Lord Howe Island


Lord Howe Island is an important seabird breeding ground and paradise for birdwatchers, with more the 130 bird species. The flightless Lord Howe woodhen and Lord Howe Island silvereye are the two surviving bird species endemic to Lord Howe Island.

The island is one of only two nesting locations for Providence petrels, one of the world’s rarest birds, which can be seen around Mount Gower from March through September, and between November and May, you can watch the courting rituals of red-tailed tropicbirds.

Hikes and walking trails

The 14km return day trek to the summit of Mount Gower is considered one of Australia’s great walks. The walk must be undertaken with a registered guide, with both Sea to Summit Expeditions or Lord Howe Environmental Tours offering tours.

Couple enjoying a scenic hike up Mount Gower, Lord Howe Island

For an easier option, try the two-hour return Malabar Hill walk, which takes in breathtaking views over the twin peaks to the south and Admiralty Islands to the north – a popular scuba diving location.

The enchanting Little Island trail hugs the south-western shoreline through ancient Banyan trees and Kentia palms, and those who take a walk up to Transit Hill in the centre of the island will be rewarded with a wonderful panorama.

Lord Howe Island natural attractions